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It’s official: China is now the richest country in the world

China has just overtaken the United States in the ranking of the richest countries on the planet, according to a report, now settling in first place.

China has just overtaken the United States in the ranking of the richest countries on the planet, according to a report, now settling in first place. The country’s value would have increased from $ 7 trillion in 2000 to over $ 120 trillion in 2020.

China goes ahead

The world has gotten much richer over the past two decades (net worth has tripled), but the distribution of wealth has shifted. Long behind the United States, China has just overtaken its main rival as the richest nation in the world. These are the two main lessons of a new report from the research arm of McKinsey & Co consultants, relayed by Bloomberg . For this work, the experts examined the national balance sheets of ten countries representing more than 60% of world income.

In detail, global net worth has grown from $ 156 trillion in 2000 to $ 514 trillion in 2020 , according to the report. China accounted for nearly a third of this development. The country’s wealth would thus have climbed from $ 7 trillion in 2000 to $ 120 trillion in 2020 . Its membership in the World Trade Organization in 2001 would obviously have accelerated this meteoric economic rise.

The United States, for its part, saw its net worth more than double over the period to reach $ 90 trillion in 2020. It should also be noted that in both the United States and China, more than two-thirds of wealth are owned by the richest 10% of households, and their share continues to increase.

According to the report, around 68% of that global net worth is stored in real estate. This sector includes machinery, infrastructure and equipment.

China widens the innovation gap

It should also be recalled that in 2019, China had overtaken the United States in the field of international patents with a thousand filings in advance. However, these applications filed through the WIPO Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) are one of the key indicators for measuring the various activities related to innovation.

In 2020, the Middle Kingdom retained its first place with 68,720 patents filed (+ 16% compared to 2019), ahead of the United States with its 59,230 filings (+ 3%). In other words, China remains in the lead, but also widens the gap on its direct competitor. Next come Japan, South Korea and Germany. 

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Finland, happiest country in the world

Finland
For the fourth year in a row, Finland has been named the happiest country in the world.

For the fourth year in a row, Finland has been named the « happiest country in the world », according to a report released on Friday.

And yet 2020 has been a year full of challenges, with the coronavirus pandemic claiming over two million lives and crippling much of the planet.

In this context, one of the biggest challenges was mental health, as millions of people lost a loved one, their job or had to experience the loneliness of isolation.

The World Happiness Report, released by the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network initiative, notes that Finland has been one of the countries that has adapted best to the challenges of the coronavirus.

Denmark is placed in second place, followed by Switzerland, Iceland and the Netherlands.

This report evaluated data from inhabitants of 149 countries.

Carried out every year for 2 decades, it considers six indicators to assess the happiness of nations on a scale of 0 to 10.

Per capita income, social protection, health and life expectancy, social freedom, generosity and the absence of corruption are compared.

Source : BBC

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Elon Musk is already no longer the richest man in the world

Elon Musk is already no longer the richest man in the world

Tesla boss is ironed behind Jeff Bezos, but it might not last

Last weekend, Elon Musk touched the stars by becoming the richest man in the world  with a fortune then estimated at 188.5 billion dollars. But here he is already back on the second step of the podium while Tesla’s stock price dropped slightly on Monday. An 8% drop in value which saw the entrepreneur’s portfolio shrink by $ 13.5 billion.

Therefore, Jeff Bezos  recovered his first place. However, the gap between the boss of Amazon, dethroned for the first time since 2017, and Elon Musk is slim. Indeed, Jeff Bezos exceeds his main competitor by only a trifle of $ 6 billion while the shares of the e-commerce giant also experienced a slight decline at the start of the week. In fact, the scales could tip again in the side of the boss of Tesla in a short time.

Tight podium

If Elon Musk saw his fortune explode in 2020 – an additional $ 150 billion since March according to Forbes , it is obviously thanks to the stock market success of Tesla and SpaceX.

The value of the self-driving car company has jumped 720% in the space of a year and is now worth more than Facebook . Stratospheric figures which recently led the board of directors of the firm to offer its founder a few million additional shares whose cumulative value exceeds $ 6 billion if we rely on last Monday’s prices. An operation which, if it has yet to be validated by the financial authorities, could allow Elon Musk to return to Jeff Bezos.

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How did Elon Musk become the richest man in the world?

The boss of Tesla has just dethroned Jeff Bezos, the creator of Amazon, thanks to the soaring price of the stock market.

He had gradually climbed the stairs, then joined the top 3 of the greatest fortunes in the world in September 2020. The year 2021 looks promising for Elon Musk who has become  the richest man in the world , according to the Bloomberg agency which maintains a ranking of billionaires.

Amazon boss Jeff Bezos is no longer number 1 . The one who holds the title of the richest man on the planet since 2017, ahead of Bill Gates (Microsoft), Bernard Arnault (LVMH) and Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook), has just been caught by the whimsical entrepreneur of 49 years, Elon Musk.

This meteoric rise is explained by the surge in Tesla securities on  Wall Street , in which Elon Musk holds an 18% stake . Tesla stock has seen its value more than 7-fold in 2020. This then allows  Elon Musk  to hold a fortune of 188.5 billion dollars . That of the creator of Amazon, it amounts to 1.5 billion.
Remarkably, Elon Musk refuses his minimum wage of $ 56,000 each year at Tesla. In January 2018, the company announced that it would pay Elon Musk nothing for the next ten years: no salary, no bonus, no shares. 

Rich even richer despite the crisis

The coronavirus pandemic is an economic disaster for most Americans , but not for Elon Musk. Many  billionaires  got richer during the pandemic, but no one earned as much as him. The CEO of Telsa earned more than $ 48 billion between March 18 and August 13, 2020, an increase in his fortune of more than 197% , according to a new analysis by the think tank, the Institute for Policy Studies .

But that’s not all, Elon Musk’s wealth should continue to grow in the months to come. And, thank you  Joe Biden  ? Stock market action has been boosted by the election of Joe Biden, who promises to promote the development of electric vehicles  in the United States. The group’s stock is expected to be included in many financial products systematically, which should give Elon Musk even more weight.

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Top 15 first Richest couples Of celebrities In the world

15. Nicole Kidman & Keith UrbanCombined Net Worth: $325 Million 14. Gerard Pique & ShakiraCombined Net Worth: $340 Million 13. Orlando Bloom & Katy PerryCombined Net Worth: $370 Million 12. Will Smith & Jada Pinkett SmithCombined Net Worth: $370 Million 11. Michael Douglas & Catherine Zeta-JonesCombined Net Worth: $405 Million 10. Barbra Streisand & James […]

Top 15 first Richest couples Of celebrities In the world
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The 5 most famous hackers

Today we are going to make a list of the 5 most famous hackers in history. It is necessary to specify that the most dangerous and / or professional hackers, for example those who work for the political interests of their countries, are simply not known!

5. Gary McKinnon

Nicknamed solo, Gary Mckinnon rose to fame in 2002 when a very special message appeared on the screen of a US Army computer:  »  Your safety is bullshit, I am Solo and I will continue to disrupt at the highest levels ”. And after investigation they learned that it is a message from a British systems’ administrator by the name of Gary McKinnon. McKinnon reportedly accessed 97 computers belonging to the US Army, NASA, Army, Air Force, Navy, Department of Defense, as well as the Pentagon. explained that he wanted this to find out once and for all if there were UFOs and believed the Americans had recovered some extraterrestrial anti-gravity technology.

4.Robert Tappan Morris

After graduating from Harvard University in 1988, Morris decided to test the size of the Internet. He created the Morris worm that will infect 6,000 Unix machines by crashing it. Millions of dollars in damage will then be estimated. This was probably the first worm of its kind. Morris will eventually be captured, fined, sentenced to three years probation and 400 hours of community service.

3.Adrian Lamo

Adrian Lamo traveled a lot from Internet cafes to Internet cafes to libraries and other wireless access points. He would have broken into the computer networks of large companies such as Yahoo !, Microsoft and The New York Times, and said he was doing it for fun and would go on to immediately explain the problem to systems and network managers. He will also be involved in the WikiLeaks scandal and denounce Bradley Manning who was also involved in this affair.

2.Kevin Poulsen

Kevin Poulsen, became popular when he « won » a Porsche by hacking a radio station. A Los Angeles radio station (KIIS-FM) launches a radio competition in which the 102nd listener who calls wins a Porsche. Kevin with his two friends breaks into the radio- telephone system to make sure he is the 102nd caller and wins the award. The FBI sets out to find him as Kevin hides as a fugitive. However, he was arrested in 1991, pleaded guilty and sentenced to 4 years and 3 months in prison.

1. Kevin Mitnick

 Kevin Mitnick is known to have been the Most Wanted Hacker in history, he was the first hacker to be on the FBI’s Top 10 Most Wanted list. Mitnick used a lot of Social Engineering techniques and even wrote some books about it, “The Art of Deception,” and “The Art of Trespassing.” In all, Kevin Mitnick will have illegally accessed systems from Pacific Bell, Motorola, Nokia, Fujitsu, Sun Microsystems and even Pentagon. Mitnick is still very popular today, and many quotes come from him like, “  A secure computer is a computer stored in a shed and unplugged.  ” Ramy Badir. “  You can always find someone kind enough to plug in the computer.  ”Kevin Mitnick.

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Les 5 hackers les plus célèbres

Aujourd’hui, nous allons faire une liste des 5 hackers les plus célèbres de l’histoire. C’est bien nécessaire de préciser que les hackers les plus dangereux et/ou professionnels par exemple ceux qui travaillent pour les intérêts politiques de leurs pays ne sont tout simplement pas connus !

5.Gary McKinnon

Surnommé solo, Gary Mckinnon est devenu célèbre en 2002 lorsque un message très spécial est apparu sur l’écran d’un ordinateur de l’armée américaine : « Votre sécurité c’est de la m*rde, Je suis Solo et je continuerai à perturber aux plus hauts niveaux ». Et après des investigations on a appris qu’il s’agit d’un message d’un administrateur systèmes britannique du nom de Gary McKinnon. McKinnon aurait accédé à 97 ordinateurs appartenant à l’US Army, à la NASA, à l’armée de terre, à l’armée de l’air, à la marine, au Ministère de la Défense, ainsi qu’au Pentagone.Gary a expliqué qu’il voulait cela pour savoir une fois pour toutes si il existait des OVNIs et pensait que les américains avaient récupéré une technologie anti-gravité extraterrestre.

4.Robert Tappan Morris

Diplômé de l’université Harvard en 1988, Morris a décidé de tester la taille d’Internet. Il créa le ver Morris qui infectera 6 000 machines Unix en le faisant crasher. Des millions de dollars de dommages seront alors estimés.C’était probablement le premier ver de cette sorte. Morris sera finalement capturé, condamné à une amende, condamné à une probation de trois ans et à 400 heures de travail d’intérêt général.

3.Adrian Lamo

Adrian Lamo voyageait beaucoup de cybercafés à cybercafés en passant par des bibliothèques et autres points d’accès sans fil. Il se sera introduit dans les réseaux informatiques des grandes entreprises telles que Yahoo!, Microsoft et New York Times.Il explique qu’il faisait ça pour s’amuser et qu’il continuerait en expliquant immédiatement le problème aux responsables systèmes et réseaux. Il sera aussi impliqué dans la scandale WikiLeaks et dénoncera Bradley Manning qui était lui-aussi impliqué dans cette affaire.

2.Kevin Poulsen

Kevin Poulsen, est devenu populaire lorsqu’il a « gagné » une Porsche en piratant une station de radio.En effet, une station radio de Los Angeles (KIIS-FM) lance un concours radiophonique dans lequel le 102ème auditeur qui appelle gagne une Porsche. Kevin avec ses deux amis pénètre dans le système téléphonique de la radio afin de s’assurer d’être le 102ème appelant et remporter le prix. Le FBI part à sa recherche alors que Kevin se cache en fugitif. Il sera cependant arrêté en 1991.Il plaidera coupable et sera condamné à 4 ans et 3 mois de prison.

1.Kevin Mitnick

 Kevin Mitnick est connu pour avoir été le hacker le plus recherché de l’histoire, il est le premier hacker a figurer dans la liste des 10 criminels les plus recherchés par le FBI.Mitnick utilisait beaucoup de techniques de Social Engineering et a même écrit des livres à ce sujet, « L’art de la supercherie », et « L’art de l’intrusion ».En tout, Kevin Mitnick aura accédé illégalement aux systèmes de Pacific Bell, Motorola, Nokia, Fujitsu, Sun Microsystems et même du Pentagone.Mitnick reste toujours aujourd’hui très populaire, et beaucoup de citations proviennent de lui comme :« Un ordinateur sécurisé est un ordinateur entreposé dans un hangar et débranché  ».Ramy Badir.« Il est toujours possible de trouver une personne assez aimable pour brancher l’ordinateur ».Kévin Mitnick.

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Covid-19: The 5 countries most affected by the pandemic

Almost a year after the appearance of the first case in China, the Covid-19 has killed nearly 1.3 million people with 53,109,762 cases.

1. The United States

The United States is the most affected country with 248,585 deaths for 10,873,936 recorded cases. 

2. Brazil

Brazil has 164,332 dead (5,783,647 cases)

3.India

India is the most affected Asian country, It occupies 3rd place with 128,686 deaths (8,728,795 cases).

4. Mexico

Neighboring the United States, Mexico is approaching the 100,000 death mark, with 97,056 dead (991,835cas).

5. United Kingdom

With 50,928 deaths, the United Kingdom is the European country with the most deaths in Europe (1,290,195 cases)

France has 42,970 dead after Italy which is in 6th place with 43,589 dead. Cradle country of the virus, China has a total of 86,307 cases including 4,634 deaths.

Source: ncov2019live

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Covid-19 : Les 5 pays les plus touchés par la pandémie

Près d’un an après l’apparition du premier cas en Chine,le Covid-19 a tué près de 1,3 million de personnes avec 53.109.762 des cas.

1. Les États-Unis

Les États Unis sont le pays le plus touché avec 248.585 morts pour 10.873.936 cas recensés. 

2.le Brésil

Le Brésil compte 164.332 morts (5.783.647 cas)

3.L’Inde

l’Inde est le pays d’Asie le plus touché, Il occupe la 3ème place avec 128.686 morts (8.728.795 cas).

4. Le Mexique

Voisin des États-Unis, le Mexique approche, lui, la barre des 100.000 décès, avec 97.056 morts(991.835cas).

5. Le Royaume Uni

Avec 50.928 décès,le Royaume Uni est le pays d’Europe qui a plus des morts en Europe (1.290.195 cas)

La France a 42.970 morts après l’Italie qui est la 6ème place avec 43.589 morts. Pays berceau du virus, la Chine dénombre quant à elle un total de 86.307 cas dont 4.634 décès.

Source :ncov2019live

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The 8 major pandemics that have marked history

Epidemics have existed since Antiquity; they did not wait for globalization or the coronavirus crisis to spread across the globe.

8.The plague of Athens (-430 to -426 BC)

The first documented pendemic in history, the plague of Athens is in fact probably due to thyphoid fever. Described by the historian Thucydides, himself affected by the disease, the disease manifests itself in intense fevers, diarrhea, rashes and conversions. Coming from Ethiopia, it then strikes Egypt and Libya, then arrives in Athens at the time of the siege of the city of Sparta, during the Peloponnesian War. It is estimated that a third of the city, or 200,000 inhabitants, will perish during this epidemic which will mark the beginning of the decline of Athens.

7. coronavirus (2019- Today)

The  Covid-19   pandemic is a pandemic of an emerging infectious disease, called the coronavirus disease or Covid-19, caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which appeared in Wuhan on November 17, 2019, in Hubei province (in China) before spreading around the world. So far the virus has killed 1,186,609 people

6.The Antonine plague (165-166)

Here again, this pandemic is not due to the plague but to smallpox. It takes its name from the Antonine dynasty, from which the Emperor Marc-Aurèle came, who then reigned over the Roman Empire. The pandemic began at the end of the year 165 in Mesopotamia, during the war against the Parthians and reached Rome in less than a year. It is estimated to have caused 10 million deaths between 166 and 189, considerably weakening the Roman population. Smallpox, caused by a virus and characterized by reddish scabs, diarrhea and vomiting, was declared eradicated in 1980.

5.The Black Death (1347-1352)

Painting depicting the effects of the plague in Basel, Switzerland, in 1349.

After having raged in China, the black plague pandemic arrived in 1346 in Central Asia, among Mongolian troops besieging the port of Caffa, on the Black Sea, held by Genoese merchants. The disease, manifested by horrible buboes, then spread to North Africa then to Italy and France. It is estimated that this epidemic, also nicknamed « the great plague », made between 25 and 40 million dead in Europe.

The expansion of the Black Death pandemic in Europe in the 14th century.  © Wikipedia
The expansion of the Black Death pandemic in Europe in the 14th century. © Wikipedia 

4.Cholera (1826-1832)

The Duke of Orleans visiting the sick at Hôtel-Dieu during the cholera epidemic in 1832 / Alfred Johannot © Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris
The Duke of Orleans visiting the sick at Hôtel-Dieu during the cholera epidemic in 1832 / Alfred Johannot © Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris 

Endemic for several centuries in the Ganges delta in India,  cholera  reached Russia in 1830, then Poland and Berlin. He landed in France in March 1832 via the port of Calais, then arrived in Paris. Expressed by sudden diarrhea and vomiting,  cholera  (the cause of which is not known at the time, the bacteria  Vibrio cholerae ) causes   rapid dehydration , sometimes leading to death within a few hours

3.Asian influenza (1956-1957)

Linked to the H2N2 influenza virus, the 1956 influenza was the second most deadly influenza pandemic after that of 1918. It caused two to three million deaths worldwide.

2.The Spanish flu (1918-1919)

Emergency hospital in Kansas during the Spanish flu. Flickr ,  CC BY-NC-SA

Caused by a particularly virulent type A H1N1 virus, the  Spanish flu  is actually of Asian origin. It then arrived in the United States, then crossed the Atlantic by the soldiers who had come to help France. If it is qualified as the   Spanish flu , it is because the country, not subject to censorship and war, reports the first alarming news. When she died in April 1919, the results were appalling. The Spanish flu has killed 20 to 30 million people in Europe and up to 50 million globally, sparing virtually no region of the globe.

1. AIDS (1981- today)

the AIDS virus came to light in 1981, when the Atlanta Epidemiological Agency, in the United States, warned of unusual cases of pneumocystosis (a rare pneumonia present in immunosuppressed patients). At the height of the epidemic, in the 2000s, two million people died from the virus each year. 36.9 million patients are now living with HIV, but antiretroviral treatment has significantly reduced mortality.