The Tokyo Olympics are over. But do you know why in a stadium, athletes run counterclockwise? Solenne Le Hen explains to us that this is not due to chance.
Running counterclockwise, we also say running « counterclockwise « , this was not always the case. In the very first Olympics, from 1896 to 1912, athletes just ran the other way, clockwise. And they complained because in the corners they felt bad sensations. As a result, the organizers have changed and since then this sense of racing has even been included in the regulations of the International Athletics Federation.
In fact, for everyone, including professional athletes, if we have to do a loop, we will naturally run counterclockwise. Moreover, the newspaper Le Progrès noted it in Lyon. At the Parc de la Tête d’Or, says the daily, « on this running highway of nearly 4 km, the pack turns like in a roundabout in the direction of the needles of a clock. » A matter of instinct. therefore and the journalists even counted the runners. Only one in 30 runs the other way.
The brain at the origin of this displacement by turning naturally to the left
A Japanese scientist, Hideaki Fukami , understood that athletes feel more comfortable with the rope on their left for neurological reasons, because of the right hemisphere of the brain, the one that controls the perception of space and at the same time that controls the opposite part, the left half of our body. Thus the perception of our body would be better by turning to the left.
Moreover, explains this researcher, 80% of the criminals of the prefecture of Hyogo, in Japan, when they flee, flee towards the left. This is justified on a sporting level. Experiments were carried out with top athletes, asking them to run 400 meters turning to the left, and 400 meters turning to the right. Counterclockwise, they run faster: two seconds less on average.
With 35.2 points and 13.2 rebounds on average, the Greek crushed this final (two matches over 40 points before completing his domination in Game 6). He joins in history six players to have achieved such a performance beyond the legendary 50 points in the final: Elgin Baylor (61 pts in 1962), Michael Jordan (55 pts in 1993), Rick Barry (55 pts in 1967), Jerry West (53 pts in 1969), LeBron James (51 pts in 2018) and Bob Pettit (50 pts in 1958).
This MVP title of the final is added to his two MVP titles in a row (2019 and 2020), his five All-Star Game selections, including once MVP (2021), and his best defender of the season award. 2019-2020.
La finale de la Ligue des champions, jouée à Porto samedi 29 mai, a vu Chelsea l’emporter face à Manchester City (1-0) au stade du Dragon. Le milieu de terrain Kai Havertz a inscrit le but victorieux des Blues, qui soulèvent la Coupe aux grandes oreilles pour la seconde fois après celle de 2012. Les Cityzens de Guardiola, trop timorés, voient leur rêve s’envoler.
La malédiction se poursuit. Comme Paris l’année passée, Arsenal ou encore Chelsea en son temps, Manchester City n’a pas réussi à s’imposer par la première finale de Ligue des champions de son histoire. Les champions d’Angleterre voulaient plus que tout l’emporter samedi et imiter le Borussia Dortmund de 1997 (vainqueur de la Juventus 3-1 pour sa première finale de C1). Le sort, le match et Chelsea en ont décidé autrement.
Pour cette finale délocalisée au Portugal, les tribunes du stade du Dragon de Porto étaient un peu garnies. Malgré la pandémie de Covid-19, les instances ont autorisé la présence de 14 000 spectateurs britanniques, dépistés ou vaccinés. Un grand match avec des supporters pour mettre de l’ambiance, cela faisait plus d’un an que l’on n’avait plus vu ça en Ligue des champions.
Champion d’Angleterre et vainqueur de la League Cup, Manchester City avait l’occasion de réaliser le triplé. Pep Guardiola a aligné d’entrée son meilleur onze, avec bien sûr son capitaine et maître à jouer Kevin De Bruyne à la baguette. Mais c’est Chelsea qui est le mieux entré dans cette finale.
Chelsea ajoute une deuxième Ligue des champions à son palmarès, après celle de 2012. Pour Thomas Tuchel, battu en août dernier avec le PSG par le Bayern Munich en finale de la précédente édition, puis débarqué par le club parisien fin 2020, ce sacre est sans doute savoureux. Manchester City, malgré les investissements colossaux de son propriétaire d’Abou Dhabi depuis 2008, repart triste, frustré et bredouille. La Ligue des champions est un Graal décidément bien difficile à obtenir.
The rise and fall of the Super League: in 48 hours, this private competition project carried by twelve major dissident clubs set European football on fire and blood … before faltering in the face of the defections of five of the six English clubs, taken away by Manchester City.
A story of two days that almost changed the face of European football, before turning into a bad joke.
Sunday April 18, 5:19 p.m. PST
The rumor returned periodically, which had prompted the European Football Union (UEFA) and the International Federation (Fifa) to publish an unusual joint statement in January: the two bodies threatened with sanction any possible secessionists wishing to develop a private European competition. and competitor of the Champions League, flagship event of UEFA since 1955. But Sunday, the threat becomes clearer as the European body is preparing to adopt the next day a reform of the C1, however more favorable to the big clubs to which the authority intends to guarantee more matches, therefore income. At 5:19 p.m., sensing the imminent formalization of the Super League project, UEFA drew a preventive press release threatening to exclude from any national and international competition the clubs which participate in a private league, as well as their players. A rare occurrence in sporting matters, an area where the Elysée usually remains in the background, the French presidency also denounces a project « threatening the principle of solidarity and sporting merit ».
Monday, April 19, 12:01 a.m.
A three-page press release, with the header « The Super League », falls into journalists’ mailboxes and has the effect of a bomb: twelve clubs among the richest (Real Madrid, Barcelona, Manchester United, Liverpool …) announce that they are creating their almost closed competition, with 15 full members and five guests each season. This paradigm shift, in a pyramidal European football built on the principle of sporting merit, calls into question the redistribution of television revenues. This time, the Super League seems concrete and is no longer the argument periodically waved by the big clubs to obtain more concessions. « If it’s a bluff, it’s a bluff with incredibly high stakes, with an official website, with formal statements on their websites, » said
Monday April 19, 1:27 p.m.
We discover that the rebellious clubs are ready to go into battle: in a letter obtained by AFP, the Super League warns UEFA and Fifa that it has taken the courts to « ensure the establishment and smooth operation of the competition ».
Monday April 19, 2:42 p.m.
UEFA president Aleksander Ceferin appears at a press conference, dark suit and closed face, after an executive committee of the instance. The Slovenian lawyer does not mince his words: the Super League is « a shameful proposition » of a few « snakes » only « guided by greed », « a spit in the face of all football lovers ». On a more personal level, the betrayal is immensely painful for him: he is the godfather of one of the children of Andrea Agnelli, the boss of Juventus, one of the dissident clubs! The latter, after having assured him at the beginning of the weekend that the rumors of secession should not be believed, turned his jacket over, suddenly becoming unreachable by his former friend. Ceferin then promises a response and announces in passing the
Monday April 19, 5:30 p.m.
Faced with the miraculous revenues promised by the promoters of the Super League, in particular an initial payment of 3.5 billion euros to the founding clubs, the financial markets are rubbing their hands. The action of Juventus Turin closes sharply on Monday late afternoon (+ 17%) while that of Manchester United is progressing significantly in New York.
Tuesday April 20, 12:03 am
Florentino Pérez, all-powerful boss of Real Madrid and new president of the Super League, appears on the set of the Spanish talk show El Chiringuito. The business manager considers it « impossible » that rebellious clubs are excluded and defends his project. « The new Champions League is supposed to start in 2024 »; by then, with the pandemic, « all the clubs will be dead! » pleads Pérez.
Tuesday April 20, 10:38 a.m.
Gianni Infantino, FIFA president who often disagrees with Ceferin, provides notable support to UEFA: before the congress of the European body, the leader castigates the rebels who “will have to suffer the consequences” of their rupture. In the process, the 55 member federations unanimously adopt a resolution condemning the Super League, even if Ceferin assures the rebels that it is « still time to change their minds ».
Tuesday April 20, 5:42 p.m.
The legal battle is becoming clearer: in a summary decision, a Madrid commercial court bans UEFA and Fifa from any measure against the launch of the Super League, pending a decision on the merits of the case . This first victory in the courtroom seems to augur a long legal standoff between two apparently irreconcilable camps.
Tuesday April 20, 7:45 p.m.
Incredible turnaround: several British media, including the BBC, are starting to talk about the hesitations of certain rebellious clubs, or even their desire to withdraw. At the same time, hundreds of angry supporters from different English clubs gather on the outskirts of Stamford Bridge, the home of Chelsea, one of the rebels.
Tuesday April 20, 9:19 p.m.
Under pressure, Manchester City is the first to give in, announcing in a statement « to withdraw from the group responsible for developing the European Super League project ». A turnaround for which UEFA President Aleksander Ceferin immediately said he was « delighted ».
Tuesday April 20, 11:55 p.m.
In turn, several other English clubs follow in City’s footsteps, gradually emptying the Super League of its substance. Liverpool, Arsenal, Tottenham and Manchester United give up, ensuring that they have taken into account the rejection expressed by their supporters. « We made a mistake, and we apologize », summarizes Arsenal on Twitter.
Wednesday April 21, 9:29 a.m.
Agnelli, one of the figures of secession, admits to the facts: the president of Juventus believes that the project cannot exist without the six English clubs, AFP learns from his entourage, while the stock market title of Juve unscrews at the Milan Stock Exchange. Shortly after, Atlético Madrid and Inter Milan in turn formalized their withdrawal from the project, a new nail in the coffin of the Super League.
UEFA is working hard behind the scenes and preparing the response, which will be financial, after the surprise birth of the Super League. When we attack it, UEFA strikes back. As announced by Bloomberg and confirmed by RMC Sport, UEFA is preparing a large-scale response behind the scenes, after the formalization on Sunday of the possible […]
First official speech by the president of the SuperLeague, and things are clear. The new competition is there to replace the Champions League, and bring more money to the big clubs. This is the bombshell of this week, and probably of this year 2021. 12 of the most prestigious clubs in Europe have decided to come […]
Paris Saint-Germain do not seem so insensitive to the Super League project in the end, even if they are currently opposed to it. While twelve of the biggest clubs in the world have declared themselves for a new competition, called the Super League, Paris Saint-Germain say they are currently opposed. It’s also not the only club in this […]
A few hours after the announcement of the creation of a Super League by twelve dissident clubs, the American bank JP Morgan officially announced that it would finance this project for a new competition. An investment of between 4 and 6 billion euros is expected.
The twelve founding members are still looking for three lasting partners to reach a total of fifteen. To these fifteen stables would be added five guests who change with the seasons and for whom the selection criteria are still unknown (prize list? Latest results on the continental scene? Prestige?). Two pools of 10 teams would thus form with round-trip matches in the form of a classic championship.
3 more tickets to take, 5 guests per season
The top three in each group would directly qualify for the quarter-finals. The fourth and fifth, they would play round-trip play-offs to get the last two tickets. From the quarters, we would find a system comparable to the final phase of the Champions League, with two-way oppositions.
The final would be played at the end of May, in a dry match, on neutral ground, at the end of a tournament which would start in August. The matches would be played on weekdays so that participants could continue to play their respective national championships. On paper, the project is clear. It remains to be seen whether, faced with the hostile reaction of authorities and football fans, it will come to an end.
considered one of the greatest footballers of all time, but politics was also his passion. The late Fidel Castro considered him to be the cheguevara of football.
During the World Cup in 1986, in the quarter-finals when his country Argentina played a game against England, he scored a goal using his hand willingly (the hand of God) and afterwards he declared that he wanted to stand avenge Argentinian soldiers killed by the British army in the Falklands
He had relations with several leaders of Latin America, such as Fidel Castro of Cuba, Hugo Chávez of Venezuela Nicolas Maduro Moros and Evo Morales
Coincidentally, the two men died on the same day, November 25, 2020 for Maradona and November 25, 2016 for Castro. He even said that he considered Castro to be his second dad, “Diego is a great friend and very noble too. There is no doubt that he is a great athlete and that he has maintained a friendship with Cuba without any material gain for himself, ”Castro once said.
Diego Maradona was also close to the late Hugo Chávez, in 2005 he traveled to Venezuela to visit him at the presidential palace, « Everything Fidel does, everything Chávez does, for me is the best [that could be done] ”, he said in 2007.
Recently, Maradona supported Evo Morales, when the latter left Bolivia following mass protests and pressure from the army chief last year. Maradona described the change of power as « a coup ».
After Maradona’s death, Nicolás Maduro, the current ruler of Venezuela, shared the video of Maradona and Castro.
The open criticism of the Vatican when John Paul II was Pope is one of its most famous stories, and of what Maradona saw as a lack of focus on the cause of the poor.
“I walked in and saw the golden ceiling. And I thought, how [he] can… live with a golden cap and then go to poor countries and kiss boys with stomachs like that. I stopped believing, because I saw, ”said after his visit to the Vatican.
He regained his confidence after many years when the Argentinian was appointed Pope, he met Pope Francis several times in the Vatican after being elected in 2013 as the first pontiff in Latin America.