Despite the 6 countries which are in the top 20 which have more women integrated in political institutions, especially in parliament, among 1.3 billion (2019) Africans, more than 50% of them are women, the gap in participation in politics between men and women remains observable.
Obstacles of feminism in Africa
The various feminist movements with the objective of empowering women by ensuring their equality with men have been on the ground for about 60 years, these movements declare that there have been changes in the political field but that they There are still a long way to go as the change of mentalities where in several African countries women themselves accept to remain under the domination of their husbands, African cultures which favor men is the example where a woman does not cannot inherit with her brothers to share her parents’ property, which pushes the wife to obey her husband’s orders in any case because the latter is in her husband’s property. In addition, There are the 2 main regions namely Catholic and Islam which are also the factors which do not promote equality between men and women in society.
Among the 54 states of African countries, Sahle Work zewde (Ethiopia) is the only woman and all 53 (presidents of African states) are men. But we cannot deny women like Ellen Johnson (Liberia), Joyce Banda (Malawi) and Ameenah Gurib Fakin (Mauritius) who have been the presidents in their countries.
« If we follow the current trend, we will need 107 years to achieve parity » affirmed the president of the UN General Assembly Maria Fernanda Espinasa Garés in March 2019 during an event planning to support the participation of women in power.
Mali, Nigeria, The Central African Republic, The Comoros Islands Benin and Eswatini are the least developed countries in terms of equality between men and women within political institutions.
With a regional average of 23.9% of women in Parliament (single or lower house), Sub-Saharan Africa ranks 5th behind the Nordic countries, America and Europe (Nordic countries included and not included). According to the classification of the UN Woman and the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).
Countries like Rwanda, Senegal, Namibia, South Africa and Mozambique are among the 20 countries where the rate of women’s participation in parliament is high.