Short biography of Ernesto Che Guevara
Ernesto Rafael Guevara de la Serna was born into a middle-class family in Rosario, Argentina. A student sensitive to the destitution of the poorest, he and his friend Alberto Granado made a trip through Latin America which aroused his desire to help the people by fighting against social injustice and convinced him that only the armed revolution could come to pass. end of socioeconomic inequalities.
After completing his medical studies in 1952, he learned about Marxism and went to Guatemala, then joined the troops of Fidel Castro in 1955. Nicknamed Che Guevara , he took part in the landing of Cuba and the overthrow of the dictator Batista. Having become a Cuban citizen, he occupies by derogation several positions including that of Minister of Industry in Cuba and writes several books on the practice of revolution and guerrilla warfare.
In 1964, in his speech in Algiers, Che Guevara accused the Soviet regime of not being socialist, then in 1965 he left for Latin America to organize the guerrillas. He wants to export the revolution and thus create several fronts to attack US imperialism. Unable to extend the revolution to Congo-Leopoldville, he went to Bolivia where he was captured in the region of Valle Grande during a clash with the Bolivian army. The latter, under the orders of the CIA, summarily executed him on October 9, 1967.
Although accused by his opponents of being a terrorist and of having established torture camps, Che Guevara became a real myth after his death and a symbol for Marxist revolutionary movements around the world as well as for the struggle of the most poor and oppressed against US imperialism and capitalism.